The Social Impact Management Initiative (SIMI)
2017.06.04news Publication of Social Impact Measurement Initiative Road Map 2017-2020 (Ver.1.0 )
Social Impact Measurement Initiative(SIMI), launched in June 2016, cre
WHAT IS SIMI?The Social Impact Management Initiative (SIMI) is a collaborative effort of diverse stakeholders in Japan, including nonprofits and businesses, funders and funding intermediaries, government agencies, intermediary support organizations and think tanks, evaluators and researchers. Through this multi-sector initiative, SIMI promotes social impact management throughout Japan. As of January 2020 more than 160 member organizations made up SIMI. SIMI was established in 2016 to promote social impact measurement in Japan. In recent years, in the United States and Europe, where social impact measurement is strongly promoted, the focus has shifted to not only to measuring impacts but also to conducting impact-focused management. SIMI has realized that measuring and evaluating social impact is important, but not sufficient by itself. It is imperative to strengthen the social impact focus of society as a whole and to spread the social impact management practices throughout the world. Based on this understanding, in January 2019 SIMI changed its name from Social Impact Measurement Initiative to Social Impact Management Initiative. In October 2020, SIMI was reorganized into a General Incorporated Foundation.
VISIONWe envision a society where social impact management is practiced by a broad range of stakeholders to solve social issues and create social value.
MISSIONWe promote social impact management for all types of organizations and provide a platform that accelerates co-creation of impact through participation and collaboration across organizations, industries and fields of activity.
Social Impact DaySIMI holds a “Social Impact Day” every year to inform members and the public of the latest trends in social impact measurement and management in Japan and abroad. The keynote Past speakers so far are:
2016 Tris Lumley, NPCClick here for the event overview & report (URL: Japanese only)
2017 Ruth Lawrence, KPMGClick here for the event overview & report (URL: Japanese only)
2018 John GarganiClick here for the event overview & report (URL: Japanese only) Click here for the keynote speaker interview (URL: English & Japanese)
2019 Clara Barby, Impact Management ProjectClick here for the report (URL: Japanese only)
Social Impact Management Award (SIMA)In 2020, SIMI started the Social Impact Management Award with the aim of accelerating the generation of social impact by sharing examples of excellent social impact management practiced by businesses and including nonprofits. Click here (URL: Japanese only)for the outline and report about each year’s award.
ABOUT SOCIAL IMPACT MANAGEMENT
What is Social Impact?Social impact is the social and environmental outcomes that result from projects and activities, including short-term and long-term changes. At SIMI, the term “social impact” is used almost synonymously with “outcome” as used in program evaluation. * This is the definition by the Cabinet Office, Government of Japan in its report, “Promotion of Social Impact Measurement – Basic Concepts of Social Impact Measurement and Its Future Use for Solving Social Issues” (March 2016, Japanese only).
What is Social Impact Management?Social impact management consists of management practices that make decisions based on information about the social impacts and value of projects generated through business operations. Improving social impact requires both increasing positive impacts and reducing negative impacts, which may be measured quantitatively as well as qualitatively.
Why Social Impact Management?The practice of social impact management has different implications for different stakeholders:
- 1)Corporate and nonprofit practitioners should learn from their own management practices and promote decision making and business improvement based on information about social impacts and values.
- 2)Other stakeholders should obtain information on the progress and social impact of projects and initiatives, and participate in decision-making and business improvement processes depending on their involvement.
- 3)Based on these efforts, the society as a whole will promote cooperation between stakeholders and recognize their respective contribution to the solution of social issues and the generation of social value. This will result in the accumulation and utilization of knowledge regarding social impact, not only for individual projects but also for diverse stakeholders working collectively for common goals.
Practice of Social Impact ManagementSocial impact management can be put into practice by going through the “impact management cycle” and incorporating various evaluation tasks into it. The Impact management cycle The “impact management cycle” is a management cycle for operating businesses and consists of the following four stages and one element that supports them. Stage 1: Plan Stage 2: Do Stage 3: Assess Stage 4: Report & Utilize Element Supporting All Stages: Culture & Governance The cornerstone of implementing social impact management is to effectively carry out the “impact management cycle.” Evaluation for social impact Social impact management involves different evaluation approaches depending on the phase of impact management. It highlights information about the outcome and/or value of a single or multiple projects or initiatives, and has the following two major characteristics. (1)Emphasis is placed on systematic investigation and evaluation of the effectiveness of projects and activities with a particular focus on “social impact”. (2)It is performed according to the “5 + 2 principles” of evaluation for social impact.
GUIDING DOCUMENTS FOR SOCIAL IMPACT MANAGEMENT (SIM)There are three guiding documents for SIM as recognized by SIMI:
- 1)The “Principles for Social Impact Intention “, developed by SIMI in 2018, which outlines actions to be taken to improve social impact.
- 2)The “Social Impact Management Framework” which provides a framework for business operations based on the principles of social impact intention.
- 3)The “Social Impact Management Guidelines” established in November 2018, which provides concrete guidelines for social impact management implementation.
Principles for Social impact IntentionThe SIMI considers the social impact intention is a way of thinking that emphasizes the improvement of social impact generation through various initiatives that contribute to the resolution of social issues and the creation of social value. The SIMI has established the following principles that amplify the social impact intention.
1. Work on project development and improvement with an emphasis on social impactClarify the path, period, and resources for solving social issues and realizing the creation of social value with a long-term perspective, evaluate the social impact against the intended outcome, and run the PDCA cycle. Stakeholders that support businesses in various ways should proactively identify and support those that place a strong emphasis on social impact.
2. Working together with various stakeholdersBring together nonprofits, corporations, funders, intermediary support organizations, citizens and government agencies to best utilize their respective strengths such as knowledge, experience and technology in order to solve social issues and create social value.
3. Disseminate good business modelsProactively disseminate and share knowledge gained from individual efforts to create a business model that can spread to diverse regions and sectors, and increase social impact by replicating those business models.
Social Impact Management FrameworkThis Framework outlines business management methods that increase social impact by adhering to the principles for social impact intention. Click here (URL: Japanese only).
Social Impact Management GuidelinesThese Guidelines expand upon the Social Impact Management Framework and provide a concrete direction. Click here (URL: Japanese only).
The Practical Guide and toolsThe Practical Guide illustrates the steps that businesses can take to advance social impact management. It provides guidance for the construction of logic models, the identification of outcomes to be measured, and the selection of measurement methods. In the Practical Guide, the 10 steps are described for working through the impact management cycle based on the “5 + 2 principles” of evaluation for social impact.
- Step 1: Preparation
- Step 2: Information gathering / research (SIM first stage: Plan)
- Step 3: Identification of issues and setting objectives (SIM first stage: Plan)
- Step 4: Verification of logic for strategy implementation (SIM first stage: Plan)
- Step 5: Examination of indicators and measurement methods (SIM first stage: Plan)
- Step 6: Creation of project plan and evaluation plan (SIM first stage: Plan)
- Step 7: Project implementation and process management / monitoring (SIM second stage: Do)
- Step 8: Data collection (SIM 3rd stage: Assess)
- Step 9: Data analysis (SIM 3rd stage: Assess)
- Step 10: Reporting / utilization (SIM 4th stage: Report & Utilize)
The following logic models by sector are available:
- ●Employment support
- ●Community development
- ●Environmental education
- ●Culture and art
- ●Welfare (elderly care)
- ●Parenting support
- ●Disaster prevention
- ●Homeless support
- ●Social capital
Outcome Indicator Database
In the Outcome Indicator Database, some commonly used indicators to measure outcomes are presented along with how to measure those indicators.Click here (URL: Japanese only) for the Outcome Indicator Database.